As you all know Documentum is all about Objects and its attributes, Have you ever wondered where Documentum is storing information about its Object types and its attributes?
To get the answer to this question you should know more about Data Dictionary in Documentum. Let me walk you through some of the important aspects of Data Dictionary in this study note.
What is the use of Data Dictionary
The following is a partial collection of the information about an Object type that will be stored by Data Dictionary Attribute label, help and other information (Localized), Default Attribute values, Value Assistance, Value Mapping, Constraints, and Default lifecycle of that object type. A Documentum client application can leverage this information to build the Presentation layer for that Object type and also provide some business rule enforcement.
Another interesting point about Data Dictionary is that it supports multiple locales, which means you can have multiple locale configured for each object type. Each locale represents a geographical region.
Imagine an Organization that has offices in Paris, Spain and US , The Data Dictionary allows you to store each Attribute label information in all three languages and the Client application (e.g.: WebTop, or a Custom UI) can fetch for the specific labels in the language of that region and display it to the user.
More about Data Dictionary
Let’s see some of the useful features of Data Dictionary here, above I mentioned some of the information that you can store in the Data Dictionary, let’s see some of these in detail for a better understanding. First, we will see all UI related and then we will see some business rules and functionalities that you can enforce through the data dictionary
1) Default Values for Attributes
During the Creation of an Object type or upon its modification you can specify the default value of that Attribute, which means if no value for that attribute has been specified by the user this default value will be set as the attribute value
2) Value Assistance
Value assistance is used to provide a user with a drop-down list of possible values for that attribute. This can be even conditional, means upon selected criteria the values in the value assistance can be changed (Conditional Value Assistance)
Another important point about Value assistance is the values used for Value Assistance can be a fixed list or based out of a DQL query that runs dynamically.
3) Value Mapping
Value mapping is another useful feature where a value can be mapped for another, this works as a Key-Value pair, for an example consider this list used for Value mapping New Jersey – NJ, New York – NY, and New Hampshire – NH.
This option provides a possibility of a user being displayed with the Complete State name in the UI and Value stored will be just the state code.
4) Internationalization of Various Texts
If you look at the WebTop or Any Documentum UI application (Not necessarily a custom build User Interface) you can see there are a lot of information like labels, error messages, help information etc, these text bits can be stored for different locales in the Data Dictionary. Different locale means different languages. So this helps to build a single UI for a global application and support multiple languages.
Business Rule and Functionality
1) Lifecycles for an object type.
During the Creation or modification of an object type, you can specify a lifecycle as the default lifecycle of an object type. This eliminates the pain of searching for a lifecycle name or its ID to attach it to the newly created object; User can do it by using keyword default at the time of attaching a new Object instance to a life cycle.
But the important point to note here is just by specifying a default lifecycle an object will not be attached to its default lifecycle. The Creator or the application has to specifically attach that object to the lifecycle.
You can do validation of a property by adding constrains to it. The possible types of constraints are the following. An important point to note here is Content server does not enforce these constraints even though you define in Data Dictionary. Typically the Client application should read these constrains and enforces it. You can also specify the localized error messages in for the validation error in the Data Dictionary.
a) Primary key
Primary key should be added in combination with not- null constraint. Primary keys are inherited. One or more attributes can make primary key but only single value properties can be a part of it. One object type can have only one primary key definition, (But can have more if it inherits primary key from its supertype). Primary key constraints can be either the object type level or the property level. If the key has more than one participating properties it should be defined at the type level. If the key is a single property then it’s a good idea to define it at the property level.
b) Unique Key
A unique key constraint is used to enforce a property or combination of properties for which all the object of that type should have a unique value. The key can be a combination of one or more
single-valued properties or one or more repeating properties which are defined in that object type itself (Not Inherited). Another important point is the key for a Unique constraint cannot be a combination of single-valued and repeating properties. These are inherited too.
c) Foreign key
Foreign key constraint identifies a relationship between one or more properties for one object type and one or more properties in another. The number and data types of the properties in each set of properties must match. Foreign key constraints can be at object type level or at the property level. It should be defined at type level If the key has two or more participating properties. Also, both object types must be set in the same repository, and corresponding parent and child Properties should be of the same data type.
d) Not Null
A NOT NULL constraint sets on a property that will not allow having a null value. It can be defined only at the property level and only for single properties
Check constraints are used for validating data. An expression or script can be provided in the constraint’s definition that the client application can run to validate a given property’s value. This can be on Object level or Attribute level
How is Data Dictionary modified
Data Dictionary modification can be either adding a new Object type information or can be modifying existing Object type information.
For adding a new Object type and its any of the above-mentioned details can be done by either calling CREATE TYPE DQL Script or by creating a new type in a new or Existing DAR and deploying it.
Modifying the Existing Object type information can be done by editing type information in the doc app or DAR or by calling Alter type DQL script.
Please note that DAR or Documentum Archive is applicable only for repositories those are running on Documentum 6 or higher
Data Dictionary Publishing Job
When you update the Data Dictionary it, in essence, updates the internal object types and you need to run Data Dictionary Publishing job. This job is responsible for creating the necessary dmi_dd_attr_info , dmi_dd_type_info and dmi_dd_common_info objects. You can configure and run this job from Documentum Administrator.
What makes a Data Dictionary
I had mentioned three object types that are getting created when the Data Dictionary publishing job publishes the Data Dictionary information. Let’s see those objects briefly here
This object type contains information about an object type or an attribute that are common. All the objects of this type will have r_object_id starting with 68.
This is a subtype of dmi_dd_common_info. This object type contains information about an object type. (which has already been published in the data dictionary) All the objects of this type will have r_object_id starting with 69.
This is a subtype of dmi_dd_common_info. This object type has information about a property (which is already published to the data dictionary) All the objects of this type will have r_object_id starting with 6a.
You would have noticed that all these object types starts with keyword dmi this means we cannot create or modify this object type, Only Data Dictionary publishing job can modify or create this type.